Obesity may be a complicated disease that’s affecting more and more people every day. It isn’t simply a body image concern; it’s a medical condition which will cause serious illnesses if not treated. The very fact is, some people are genetically predisposed to the present condition except for others it’s through years and years of poor eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle which will cause this excessive weight gain.
What is Obesity?
Obesity isn’t an equivalent as simply being overweight. those that are considered obese would need to have a body mass index of 30 or more. When someone is obese, it also means they’re at a greater risk of contracting serious disease like type 2 diabetes, heart condition, and cancer. Obesity is difficult to treat because it requires lifestyle changes. Often people that are obese will reduce only to unfortunately regain it back a couple of years later. However, with the proper combination of treatments, weight loss is feasible for people who are obese and a few are successful in losing weight and keeping it off.
Causes and Symptoms of Obesity?
Obesity is often considered to be a disease that’s highly linked to food intake and exercise, although it can also be caused from certain medical conditions. Here are some top causes of obesity:
Eating high energy density foods like breads, pastas, pastries and nutriment items can cause obesity if eaten frequently and over an extended period. Not eating healthy foods like fibre-rich fruits, whole grains, and green leafy vegetables can’t only create havoc within the gastrointestinal system but also can cause weight gain.
- Medical conditions
Certain health conditions can cause weight gain. These conditions include: Poly-cystic ovarian syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing syndrome, hypothyroidism and osteoarthritis.
- Emotional Eating
Emotional eating is overeating in response to negative emotions like stress, boredom, anger or frustration. Around 30% of overweight people report that they need issues with binge eating.
Around 400 genes are said to contribute to overweight or obesity. These genes can influence factors like appetite, metabolism, food cravings, satiety, emotional eating and body fat distribution within the body. Genetic influence can vary from person to person and may range from as low as a 25% influence to as high as a 80% influence.
- Frequency of Eating
How often you eat can actually play a task in weight gain. Overweight people tend to eat less often than people with normal weight. Studies show that those that eat smaller meals four or five times each day have lower cholesterol levels and more stable blood glucose levels than people that eat only two to 3 meals per day.
- Sleep Habits
Lack of sleep can cause hormonal changes within the body and may affect hunger and appetite. Sleep deprivation over an extended period can have serious effects on your metabolism and set you up for weight gain. How does one know if you’re obese? Here are some top symptoms to seem out for:
Snoring or apnea
Unable to try to to physical activity
Exhaustion or tiredness on each day to day basis
Back and joint pains
Hormonal imbalance (irregular periods, mood swings,etc)
Skin and hair issues
Lack of confidence and low self-esteem
How is Obesity Diagnosed?
There are varieties of the way your doctor can diagnose obesity. Here are a number of the foremost common diagnostic tests and examinations which will help uncover this condition in an individual:
- Physical Examination
By conducting a physical examination (checking pulse , vital sign and temperature also as checking your heart, lungs and abdomen) your doctor can assess whether you’re overweight or obese.
- Calculating BMI
The biggest marker which will indicate obesity is that the Body Mass Index. If your BMI is 30 or more, you’ll make certain that you simply are handling obesity. albeit BMI is one among the foremost common ways to live obesity, it isn’t always accurate. BMI cannot distinguish between bone mass, muscle mass and body fat, so gauging whether excess fat is a problem is difficult to accurately detect.
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- Measuring Waist Circumference
Visceral fat stored round the waist are often measured so as to work out certain health risks affiliated with obesity and being overweight. A waist circumference of quite 35 inches for a lady and 40 inches for a person is above the traditional measurement and will be considered a risk factor.
- Blood Tests
Certain blood tests are often taken to check for cholesterol levels, liver function, fasting glucose levels and thyroid. The results of those tests are often useful in determining obesity.
Risks related to Obesity
Unfortunately, obesity can pose many health risks for the individual. a number of these risks include:
- Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin is required to lower blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells are unable to reply to insulin. For those with type 2 diabetes, an excessive amount of glucose and sugar build up within the bloodstream. this will cause health complications and may even reduce the body’s ability to supply insulin.
- Heart condition
Heart disease is an umbrella term that refers to several differing types of heart conditions. a number of other conditions include Arrhythmia (an irregular heart beat), Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), Cardiomyopathy (heart muscles harden or grown weak), Congenital heart defects (irregularities of the guts from birth), arteria coronaria disease (caused by build-up of plaque of heart’s arteries), Heart infection (infection caused by bacteria or parasites).
- High vital sign
Also referred to as hypertension. High vital sign occurs when vital sign rises too high. Extra weight can raise the guts rate and reduce the body’s ability to move blood through the vessels and better pressure on the artery walls increases the vital sign . It are often a precursor to attack or stroke.
- Certain Cancers
Obesity can put someone in danger surely sorts of cancers. These types include Meningioma (cancer within the tissue covering brain and spinal cord), Thyroid, Liver, Gallbladder, Upper Stomach, Pancreas, Ovary, and Kidney. carcinoma , carcinoma and endometrial carcinoma are especially affiliated with obesity and will be monitored if the individual is taken into account obese.
- liver disease Disease
Also referred to as hepatic steatosis. liver disease disease occurs when fat is made up within the liver over time. an excessive amount of fat within the liver can cause inflammation which may cause scarring (liver fibrosis), which may then cause liver failure.
Sleep apnea may be a condition when breathing pauses repeatedly through the night while sleeping. Those with apnea may feel tired throughout the day and wonder why. When left untreated, apnea can cause health complications like diabetes, heart condition and other serious illnesses.
How can Obesity be Treated?
Obesity may be a complicated condition, and treating it are often complicated too. Although not impossible to treat, often multiple treatment should be applied directly to make sure the foremost success. There are variety of the way to approach treating obesity. Here are the simplest ways consistent with health professionals:
- Diet Modification
One of the primary modes of treatment involves food intake. Eating less calories (500-1000 a day) may help in reducing weight. Eating foods that are low in fat and calories and are high in nutrients can potentially bring your body back to a healthy balance. it’s rare, however, that a private who is obese succeeds with this treatment alone. it’s often the trend that after happening a coffee calorie diet, the load is regained about 2 years later.
Incorporating exercise into your daily routine can assist you reduce . Daily physical activity along side correct diet modifications can even improve your metabolism and help your body regulate weight more easily. Something as simple as taking the steps at work, walking while talking on the phone – can make an enormous difference.
How to Prevent Obesity
At the top of the day, eating a healthy diet and getting enough exercise is that the best thanks to prevent obesity. Here are some ways to stop this condition:
- Eat More “Good” Fat
Avoiding weight gain doesn’t mean completely avoiding fat. On the contrary, polyunsatured fats like omega 3 fatty acids found in salmon and nuts can actually lower cholesterol and obesity risk.
- Eat Low Glycemic Foods
Eating low-glycemic foods that don’t cause blood glucose spikes like fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins can keep your blood glucose levels regulated and help maintain a healthy weight .
- Exercise Regularly
Exercising 150 minutes of moderate aerobics or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise hebdomadally is vital to take care of a healthy weight . additionally to aerobics , engaging during a weight training regime will train your muscles and prime your metabolism for healthy weight loss.
- Reduce Stress
Stress can cause you to develop unhealthy eating patterns like emotional eating and eating at irregular times. When feeling stressed, rather than reaching for a hamburger, try stress reduction techniques like deep breathing, yoga or socializing.
Obesity differs from being simply overweight therein it’s a better risk factor surely diseases like diabetes, heart condition and liver disease disease. Obesity are often caused by a spread of things including genetics, diet, physical activity, medications, and pre-existing medical conditions. The symptoms of obesity can include breathlessness, excessive sweating and lack of confidence.
One can fight back obesity by improving lifestyle, following a healthy diet, regular exercises, having many water, and enough sleep helps to realize the set target. Obesity are often prevented with the proper diet and exercise routine. Avoiding foods that are high in sugar, fat and excess calories and eating foods that are high in “good” fats, fibre and nutrients can lower cholesterol and reduce obesity risk.
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